Origin and Purpose
The Shiba was developed in Japan, and is the smallest of the native Japanese breeds. Developed as a hunting dog for boar, rabbit, grouse and other small game in dense undergrowth, the Shiba needed strength, agility and a coarse thick coat, as well as courage and tenacity. While still retaining these hunting skills, the Shiba is now primarily an excellent companion.
General Appearance and Characteristics
The Shiba is a small dog of Spitz type, just off-square, well balanced and muscular, with erect ears, dark slanted eyes, tapered muzzle, and coarse standoff coat. Males and females display both strength and elegance, neither coarse nor fine, while retaining obvious differences. The overall impression conveys a spirited boldness, good nature, alertness and agility.
Spirited boldness, good nature, and independence characterize the Shiba temperament. Extremely lively and fun-loving with their families. While sometimes aloof with strangers, aggression to humans or extreme shyness to be severely penalized. Shibas may not tolerate other dogs’ intrusions, and will display aggression if challenged.
Height: Dogs 39.5 cm (15 1/2”), bitches 36.5 cm (14 1/2”). There is a tolerance of 1.5 cm (5/8”) shorter or taller.
Coat & Colour
Coat: Double-coated, with the outer coat harsh and straight, and undercoat soft and dense. Guard hair approximately 1” on body, 1 1/2—2” on withers. Hair on tail slightly longer and forms a bristle, not a plume.
Colour: Red, Sesame, Black and Tan. These are the only acceptable colours, and are to be given equal consideration. Colour is clear and intense, with undercoat of cream, buff or gray. “Urajiro” (creamy white ventral colour) is required on all three allowed colours, in these areas: side of muzzle, cheeks, inside ears, on underjaw and upper throat, inside of legs, on abdomen, around vent, ventral side of tail. Cream does not extend over nasal bridge. Cream spots above eyes, on tip of tail, and on forechest permitted but not required. White markings known as socks permitted but not desirable. Spots of colour in the urajiro are highly undesirable. “Reverse mask” (all cream/white face) is a fault.
Red: light red to deep orange red. Sesame: red with black tipped hairs scattered evenly on body and sometimes head, with no concentration in any one area. A widow’s peak may be seen on the forehead, leaving the bridge and muzzle red.
Black and Tan: Black has rusty cast, not blue, and extends over the entire dog. Clearly defined tan markings located over the eye, sides of muzzle, “bowtie” pattern on forechest, outside of forelegs from carpus to toes, outside of hindlegs from stifle down to toes, leaving black on rear of pasterns. Black pencilling on toes permitted. Tan may be found inside of ears and underside of tail.
Skull: broad and flat with slight furrow, cheek muscles well developed, and stop moderate. Muzzle: full and round, tapering slightly to black nose, being 40% of total head length. The nasal bridge straight, lower jaw strong. The lips tight and black. Teeth: large, strong with scissors bite and full dentition. Missing teeth to be faulted (note that premolars are the most often missing), with five or more missing a disqualification. Eyes: small, triangular, set well apart and oblique (slanting up at outside corner). Dark brown in colour, with black eyerims. Ears: small, thick, triangular, well-furred, inclining forward and firmly pricked.
Thick and muscular, blends into shoulders. No dewlap.
The shoulders moderately sloping, well developed. The elbows set close to body, and forearms straight. The pasterns slightly inclining. Feet are catlike with well-arched toes fitting tightly together and thick pads. The nails hard and darker colour desirable. Front dewclaws may be removed.
Body is tight-skinned and well muscled. Height to length ratio of 10 to 11, measured from withers to ground, and point of shoulder to point of buttock. Bitches may be slightly longer. Chest depth from withers to elbow one-half or slightly less of total height. The chest deep, ribs moderately sprung. Back straight and short, the loins broad and muscular, the abdomen firm and well tucked-up.
Set on high, thick and carried vigorously curled or curved as a sickle over back. The tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.
The upper thighs long, and lower thighs short and well developed, with a wide natural stance. Angulation in balance with the forequarters. The hock joint strong. No dewclaws. Feet as in front.
Strong thick root, set high, carried in a loose curl or curved as a sickle over back. The tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.
Light, quick and elastic. Forward reach and rear drive are moderate. Viewed from the front or rear, there is a tendency to single track. Topline remains level and firm.
• Light eye colour.
• Level or extremely overshot bite.
• 1 to 4 missing teeth
• Reverse mask
• Under or over height.
• Coat colours other than described.
• Ears not pricked.
• Tail not carried over back.
• 5 or more missing teeth.
• Undershot bite.