Choosing a Breed

The most pleasurable step in selecting a new puppy is choosing a breed. The CKC recognizes 175 breeds, which are sorted into seven groups. "Listed" breeds are in the process of gaining full CKC recognition. Each breed has their own unique natural instincts and characteristics. So do some research and narrow your choices down to two or three breeds suited to your lifestyle, then get as much information as you can before making a final choice.

Most importantly, you will need to experience your selected breed first hand. You can visit one of the many CKC events held throughout Canada each year to experience the dogs without any commitment. While there, chat with the owners and breeders. People are generally willing to provide information and give you the firsthand experience you may need. A CKC Calendar of Events is posted on our website or you can call 416-674-3699.

One advantage of purebred dogs is that the qualities of each generation (size, coat, temperament, etc.) are passed on to the next. All breeds are different, however, so consider the following from the point of view of a mature dog when developing your short list:


Determines space requirement

Coat Type

Determines grooming time needed

Energy Level

Determines space requirement and exercise needs

Original Purpose

Indicates instinctive activity (i.e., barking, protecting, retrieving, etc.)


Determines obedience needs, level of independence or attachment, aggressive or passive nature, etc


Some breeds cause less suffering for allergy patients
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